Clay information

What is Polymer Clay?

Polymer Clay is an art medium that is known for its versatility, pliability and simplicity to work with, it is an oven bake modeling material composed of polymers, resins, coloring agents and fillers.

Not a natural clay, it is man-made from a plastic, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) base. It is used by artists and hobbyists ranging from children to professional artists and movie makers. It stays continually soft and can be baked in a home oven, retaining its color and size, it is available in many colors, including metallics, glow-in-the-dark and “stone”. It can be used to simulate many materials such as

semi-precious stones

What can I do with Polymer Clay?

Polymer clay can be used in an assortment of crafts, including jewellery, home decoration, pottery, scrapbooking embellishments and sculpture. Techniques for working with the clay are borrowed from glass-making, metal-working, ceramics sculpture and textile. Clay can be used to cover anything that won’t burn during firing, such as wood, frames, pens, and mirrors. To create your own colors, polymer clay can be formulated like paint, or colored with powders, chalk, ink, glitter, colored pencils, powdered makeup acrylic paint. After baking, polymer clay can be sanded, buffed, glazed, or painted. You are limited only by your imagination, and even then, there are plenty of projects and ideas from others to choose from!

What Precautions Should I Take When Working With Clay?

Casual clay hobbyists can safely bake the clay in their home ovens, taking care to properly ventilate. If you are baking frequently, some artists like to use a portable oven. Clay should not be used with anything that will prepare or touch food. Cookie sheets can be lined with foil or cardstock/index cards during baking. If you use kitchen items or toys as clay tools, be sure that these do not return to food preparation use. Washing your hands frequently and before eating is a good precaution to take. Small children should be supervised. While polymer clay is certified as non-toxic, it should not be ingested. If you have concerns about the release of fumes during baking, you can bake clay in a sealed bag, or after baking, wash the inside of the oven with baking soda and water. Always supervise children with baking.

How Should Polymer Clay Be Stored?

Polymer Clay should be stored in its original packaging and away from heat and sunlight. Do not leave the day in your vehicle on a hot day or it may bake (cure). Once the packaging has been opened, it is best to store it wrapped in wax paper in an airtight container. Do not store it in Tupperware or other food storage containers that you plan to use for food in the future. A recommended place for storing clay between use is in the refrigerator or freezer, dry and away from light.

What Is “Conditioning”?

Conditioning is simply the process of warming and kneading the clay in preparation for use. This increases the clay’s pliability and reduces risk of breakage. ClayologieTM clay can be conditioned easily and in a very short period of time by kneading and stretching. A pasta machine is also a great aid in conditioning the clay. Cut the clay into chunks and feed through the machine several times.

How Do I Bake Polymer Clay?

ClayologieTM clay is baked at a temperature of 130º C for 40 minutes. Baking instructions are on the packaging. Preheat your oven and bake clay on foil, wax wrap, index cards or a ceramic tile. After baking, allow clay to cool and fully cure before handling it. If a shine is desired, when the day has cooled, sand it with wet-dry sandpaper under running and then buff the object with a clean soft cloth. ClayologieTM Glaze or water-based acrylic paints may be applied after baking.

What Does A Pasta Machine Have To Do With Clay?

Pasta machines are used for conditioning, rolling and blending clay. They can ease the process of conditioning the clay and will aide in rolling out layers of uniform thickness, and are essential for making the beautiful Skinner blends.

What Do I Need To Begin?

All you really need is your imagination! Clay art can be made with just your hands. You will also want some basic tools. Start with a clean, smooth, cool work surface. Marble, glass, and ceramic tiles are great work surfaces. Many people like to use something that the clay can be baked on, to minimize disruption to the clay before baking. Cardstock and index cards can be used for this purpose also. Wax paper or parchment paper can also be used. A rolling pin, cutting blade, and shaping tools will get you off to a great start. Some tools you may already have at home and some you will want to buy. A pin can be used for some detailing work and a slicing blade. A skewer or large pin can be used for piercing to make holes for stringing projects. For more fun and experience with the clay, you’ll want to invest in a pasta machine, measuring tools, knives, carving and sculpting tools, shape cutters, drills, sandpaper, a clay extruder, and push-molds.


The most important part of preparing your clay is to condition it properly. This helps to form a stronger medium that is crack free, flexible, and durable with a smooth appearance.

Different colour pigments can cause variable hardness from colour to colour. Certain colours may take a bit longer to condition than others. Depending on the colour clay you are working with, the clay will be more or less stiff at the beginning, and it gets softer as you condition it.

There are alternative methods to make conditioning easier:

Start with warming up your clay:

  • One way of warming the clay before conditioning, it is to carry the clay in your pocket for a while.
  • Use a microwave beanbag or hot water bottle to help soften the clay by leaving the clay in a zip and seal bag underneath it for 10 minutes if necessary.
  • Leave it in the windowsill for a couple of minutes (not any longer) as it could start curing.
  • Place a piece of clay in a zip loc bag and dip in hot water for a short period of time. The clay will cure if you leave it in too long. A floating dish with a lid can also be used.

Once warmed up, conditioning can start.

Do not condition the whole block at once, rather cut smaller pieces and add gradually as the clay gets softer.

Use the “ball and snake method” by rolling a snake and then a seamless ball. Use the heat of your hands to soften the clay. Knead the clay in your hands until it becomes soft and pliable. Roll a snake and then fold it in half. Repeat the process.

A pasta machine can also be used. Flatten the clay before rolling it through the machine. Start with the largest setting. Roll clay through, fold in half and repeat this process. Gradually use smaller settings. Always feed from the folded side first so prevent air bubbles being trapped.

TIP: Certain colour pigments might temporarily leave a residue on your hands, so it is advisable to start working with the lightest colour to the darkest. This saves you from repeatedly washing your hands. If your hands are soiled it will show on the clay. Wash your hands thoroughly before you work with light coloured clay.

Remember that you need to put effort into conditioning the clay as it is an artist medium and not play dough. The properties of ClayologieTM allows artist to do delicate and sculptured work that cannot be done with other types of clay.


  • A thin, sharp tissue blade (plastic knife for kids)
  • Ceramic tile or marble surface
  • Roller
  • Various tools for sculpting
  • Pasta Machine
  • Cookie cutters
  • Wooden guides
  • Piercing tool
  • Bead rack
  • Pearl powders
  • Glitters
  • Texture sheets
  • Rubber stamps
  • Moulds (optional)
  • Baking plate or dish dedicated to clay work
  • Oven


ClayologieTM Polymer Clay stays soft until baked.
ClayologieTM Polymer Clay can be baked over and over again. Use a hand-held thermometer to test the temperature as ovens vary.

Bake in a clean oven, the dirt particles could settle on the clay leaving it discoloured.

It is a good idea to cover the pieces with a dish or lid when baking allowing a constant temperature in the oven as well as preventing air pockets to affect the baking process.

Unbaked pieces can be added to baked pieces and then re-baked.

Bake ClayologieTM clay for 30 minutes or longer at recommended temperature (up to an hour to create a stronger object.)

Never bake clay at a higher temperature than 130°C.

A longer curing time will make objects stronger and is necessary for thick pieces. A higher curing time will leave your clay discoloured or burned.

ClayologieTM Polymer Clay can be baked with wood, glass, mirror and stones.

Bake intricate objects on a bed of cornflower to keep the shape. Let the items cool down in the oven before removing them.

A bead rack is a handy tool when baking beads.

The finished product can be washed with soap and water.

An under-baked piece will become sticky as oil will leach out and be brittle and weak as result. This can be fixed by wiping the object with white spirit before re-baking.


The type of finish preferred depends on the article and personal taste

Creating a sheen without sanding: Articles should be washed with water and a drop of washing up liquid to remove any corn flour residue. Rub or let it drip dry.

Alternatively, put your beads in a cotton bag with a string and wash together with your laundry in your washing machine. This will remove any residue.

Buff on a rough cloth (denim is ideal) to create a nice sheen.

If your article still feels sticky, it could be under baked. Wipe with white spirit and a clean cotton cloth to remove residue. Re-bake the article.

Using sandpaper to create a high shine: The article can be sanded down, using a coarser grit working down to fine using wet/dry sanding paper. Make sure to keep your article wet during the sanding process. Add a little dishwashing liquid in the water. Finish the process with buffing with a coarse hard material and finish with a soft cloth.

Glossing: A lot of craft products are compatible with ClayologieTM clay – resin, water-based glass stain, water-based sealants, craft transfer mediums, furniture polish and varnishes. Stay away from solvent-based media and sprays as they contain solvents in the propellants. We supply an approved glaze, contact us for more details when ordering. The rule is to test a finish first before using it on the master article. Solvent- or oil-based varnishes become sticky over time when reacting with the polymers in the clay.

Follow these steps to get the best results:

√ Make sure that the article has cooled down completely before attempting to varnish.

√ Prepare your article by wiping with white spirit before applying the finish.
√ Make sure your fingers don’t leave oil on the article.
√ Check for residue before applying the finish.
√ Varnish in a well ventilated room
√ Use a soft, clean brush
√ Do not varnish on a very humid and damp day. If you live in a humid area, an extended drying time might be required.
√ Sometimes a second or third layer is needed.
√ By dipping beads repeatedly or pouring a finish over an article after letting the layers dry, a glass like finish can be obtained.


eCommerce by CubeCart